TMJ Disorder / TMD

What is TMD?

Temporomandibular disorders (TMD) is the name given to  problems associated with jaw movement and pain in and around the  temporomandibular (jaw) joints.


These joint connect the lower jawbone (mandible) to the skull. These flexible joints are used more than any other joint in the body. They allow the jaw to open and close for talking, chewing, swallowing, yawning, and other movements.

Many people have problems with jaw movement and pain in and around the jaw joints at some time during their lives.


What are symptoms of TMD?


Temporomandibular disorders (TMD) can affect the jaw and jaw joint as well as muscles in the face, shoulder, head, and neck.

Common symptoms include:

joint pain,

muscle pain,


joint sounds,

trouble with fully opening the mouth,

and jaw locking.

What can I expect at an appointment?

At your appointment, a physical therapist will review your symptoms and medical history, as well as perform a thorough physical examination of your neck and jaw joints. Part of the examination is intra-oral in nature where the therapist will use a gloved hand to assess the muscle and joints inside and outside the mouth and jaw region.​


How is it treated?

Treatments will vary depending on your diagnosis. However, you can expect a combination of manual therapy, education and home exercise program. Additionally, IMS and acupuncture are effective treatments for TMD.